Jennifer Cramer

  • Associate Professor
  • Department Chair
  • American Studies
  • Appalachian Center
  • Linguistics
1677 Patterson Office Tower
Research Interests:
Office Hours (Fall 2018): TBA and by appointment

B.A., Linguistics - University of Kentucky, 2004
B.A., French - University of Kentucky, 2004
M.A., Linguistics - Purdue University, 2006
Ph.D., Linguistics - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2010


Dr. Cramer's research interests are in the field of sociolinguistics. Her dissertation dealt with the linguistic production and perception of regional identity in Louisville. She is interested in perceptual dialectology, discourse analysis, and language and identity. She has presented her work at many national and international conferences, such as the American Association for Applied Linguistics (AAAL), the American Dialect Society (ADS), the International Association for World Englishes (IAWE), the Linguistic Society of America (LSA), New Ways of Analyzing Variation (NWAV), and the Sociolinguistics Symposium.

She has published papers in American Speech, Discourse & Society, English World-WideSouthern Journal of Linguistics, and Studies in the Linguistic Sciences, and she has co-authored a book chapter in Marina Terkourafi’s (ed.), The Languages of Global Hip Hop. Her most recent book projects include a co-edited (with Chris Montgomery, University of Sheffield) volume on dialect perceptions in the city for Mouton de Gruyter called Cityscapes and Perceptual Dialectology (2016), and a recently released (2016) monograph on the linguistic perception and production of regional identities in and of Louisville for the Publication of the American Dialect Society at Duke University Press.

Selected Publications: 


Cramer, Jennifer. 2016. Contested Southernness: The linguistic production and perception of identities in the borderlands. Publication of the American Dialect Society 100. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. [See for full text]

Cramer, Jennifer and Chris Montgomery (eds.). 2016. Cityscapes and Perceptual Dialectology: Global perspectives on non-linguists’ knowledge of the dialect landscape. Language and Social Life 5. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.


Cramer, Jennifer. 2015. An Optimality-Theoretic Approach to Dialect Code-switching. English World-Wide 36 (2): 170-197.

Anderson, Bridget L., Jennifer Cramer, Bethany K. Dumas, Beverly Olson Flanigan, and Michael Montgomery. 2014. Needed Research on the Englishes of Appalachia. Southern Journal of Linguistics 38 (1): 1-30.

Cramer, Jennifer. 2014. Is Shakespeare Still in the Holler? The Death of a Language Myth. Southern Journal of Linguistics 38 (1): 195-207.

Cramer, Jennifer. 2013. Styles, Stereotypes, and the South: Constructing Identities at the Linguistic Border. American Speech 88 (2): 144–167.

Cramer, Jennifer. 2010. “Do we really want to be like them?”: Indexing Europeanness through pronominal use. Discourse & Society 21 (6): 619–637.

Lichtman, Karen, Shawn Chang, Jennifer Cramer, Claudia Crespo del Rio, Amanda Huensch, Alexandra Morales, and Jill Hallett. 2010. IPA Illustration of Q’anjob’al. Studies in the Linguistic Sciences. <>.

Book Chapters:

Cramer, Jennifer and Jill Hallett. 2010. From Chi-Town to the Dirty Dirty: Regional identity markers in U.S. Hip Hop. In M. Terkourafi (ed.), The Languages of Global Hip Hop. London and New York: Continuum. 256–276.

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